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About Jhanjharpur

Jhanjharpur happens to be the headquarters as well as town in the district of Madhubani in the Bihar State. The town lies in Himalaya’s foothill on the river banks of Kamala. The Kamala River is formed where the Balan and Kamla rivers meet at a common point. Due to its huge fertile land and picturesque topography, the town has been able to survive without any economic and financial structure. Being located at the foothills of Himalayas the climate of the town is quite pleasant. Mount Everest can be reached by taking a stroll from the town towards the northern direction on globe. Sarbasima, Sarisab, Mahrail, Simra, Naruar, Lalgang, Kanhauli, Sukhet, Majhoura, Kuchbi are the names of a few villages located in the Jhanjharpur Block. Many great thinkers have hailed from these villages.


As per the census of the year 2011, the population of Jhanjharpur was 24112. The females and males were 48 and 52 percent of the total population. The average literacy rate of the town is 47.97 percent which is much less as compared to the national avg. i.e. 59.5 percent. Female and male literacy rates are 34.05 percent and 60.97 percent respectively. 

Geography of Jhanjharpur

Jhanjharpur is positioned at 26.27 degrees in the North and 86.28 degrees in the East. The average elevation of the town is 194 feet or 59 meters. The town experiences heavy flooding every year in the month of July. There is a road bridge and a rail bridge (common) which was built over Kamala River by the British much before India became independent.  The Nagar Panchayat of Jhanjharpur consists of 17 wards. The ward number 8 which is Partapur is situated close to the confluence of Kamla and Balan rivers. Maithili, Hindi and Urdu are the predominant languages of the town.

The town has a mild and warm climate. Summers witness a lot of rainfall. The highest rainfall can be experienced in the month of July with the average rainfall being 289 mm. In summers the maximum temperature rises up to 35 degree Celsius while the minimum temperature during the winters drips to 16.3 degree Celsius. The avg. temperature in a year is 24.9 degree Celsius. The avg. annual rainfall of Jhanjharpur is 1055 mm.

Culture of Jhanjharpur

The main festivals like Indra Puja, Id-Ul-Fittar, Durga Puja, Basant Panchmi and Id-Ul-Azhaare celebrated every year with a lot of enthusiasm.

Indra Puja
Lord Indra is revered during this 10 day long festival which is held every year in the Jhanjharpur town.

Dargah Fair
This is a very popular fair of the town which is organized by the Pathshala of Jhanjharpu,  Western tola Alpura and Tajpur villagers and Ram Krishna Vidyalaya every year on the auspicious day of Haz. This fair takes place just before Bakrid.

Durga Puja
Jhanjharpur is quite famous for its Durga Puja which is celebrated at Mithila Deep. This is the oldest Puja of the town. Babu Mahashay Jha started this Durga Puja in the year 1907. One can witness a magnificent temple which comprises a huge campus which occupies a 2 acre land with a lovely scenic beauty which lies at the southern portion of this village.

Apart from the above main festivals Saraswati Puja, Kali Puja, Mahadev Puja, Chath Puja and Janki Navmi are also celebrated in the area with great pomp and zeal.

The Madhubani painting or the Mithila painting which started and developed in Mithila region is a very famous art form of the Jhanjharpur region. This art was supported by the renowned Kameshwar Thakur from Raiyam Kothiya. The Madhubani is a very popular art form among the fashion designers. The National Institute and J D Institute of Fashion Tech. offer courses that teach students about Madhubani Art.

Tourism in Jhanjharpur

Jhanjharpur offers the following places of attractions:

Jhanjharpur Market
There are two major markets in the town -1)Jhanjharpur Purana Bazaar and 2)Jhanjharpur New Market. Both the markets are 4 kms away from each other.

These are the local markets which beautify the nearby villages by displaying their stuff every week. In these haats one can splurge on a variety of shopping items from clothes, seeds and pottery stuff to spices, farm products etc.

Baba Makhdu Shah Jahaniyan Tomb
This is the famous tomb of Jhanjharpur. A huge crowd from Nepal, Bhutan and India flock here and take vows to get their wishes fulfilled. After the fulfillment of their vows they offer the votive-offering to their Baba Makhdu Shah.

Shiv Temples

There are a myriad of Shiv temples located in and around the Subdivision of Jhanjharpur. Bhairav Sthan, Panchanath Sthan, Gaurishankar, Videshwar Sthan, Banha Gaurishankar and Kaithiniya are some famous temples in Jhanjharpur that are dedicated to Lord Shiva.

Chamunda Temple
This temple is dedicated to Mother Chamunda and is located in the Pachahi village of Jhanjharpur.

Nanour Chowk
This place is the center of attraction for many nearby villages of Jhanjharpur. Nanour Chowk is situated at the Nanour Road in Jhanjharpur town. This booming place is famous for business meetings, marketing etc. 

Transport in Jhanjharpur

Rail Transport
The nearest railway station to Jhanjharpur is the Jhanjharpur Bazar Halt. One can easily reach this rail head from the nearby towns of the area. The major rail head is the Darbhanga Railway Station which is just 45 kms away from Jhanjharpur. Jhanjharpur has meter gauge line services to Nirmali, Sakri and Lukaha.

Air Transport
The nearest airport to the town is the Jaiprakash Narayan International Airport, Patna which is located at a distance of 180 kms form Jhanjharpur.

Road Transport
All the nearby towns have excellent road connectivity with Jhanjharpur. The National Highway 57 is the major road in the town which connects it with all the neighboring towns and cities.

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